THE BRONX — With nearly 90 percent of its students entering sixth grade with skills below grade level, Cornerstone Academy for Social Action (CASA) middle school in The Bronx ranked No. 1 in the city last year for improved test score average on the state’s English and math exams, its principal Jamaal Bowman boasted.
But now Bowman has become one of the most vocal principals defending parents’ rights to opt out of the tests that will be given to the city’s third- through eighth-graders next week. He's been speaking at schools across the city and state about the importance of educating the “whole child” as opposed to focusing on test prep.
“I think the tests provide one measure of what a student has done up to that point of their educational career without taking into account that kids develop differently at different times,” Bowman told DNAinfo New York. “We’re not taking into account the social-emotional, the creative. For me, a well-rounded curriculum helps students find their voice. My argument for grit: Once students find their voice, grit takes care of itself.”
A multi-dimensional curriculum also helps students tap into multiple intelligences, Bowman believes.
His school offers humanities classes and a program steeped in STEAM, involving science, technology, engineering, art or architecture and math. Students learn coding through game design, have a course involving social justice and learn about hip-hop. After-school programs focus on fine arts, gardening and robotics.
While principals with more affluent and higher-performing student bodies, such as Brooklyn New School in Carroll Gardens and TriBeCa’s P.S. 234 have been more vocal against the state tests, Bowman is a rare critic of tests in his corner of The Bronx and at a Title 1 school where 99 percent of students are black or Latino.
And that’s precisely why he’s trying to spread his message.
“I’m a black man who grew up in New York City, a street kid from a single-parent household,” he said. “Those personal experiences in addition to my professional experiences compel me to share my point of view. Within a bureaucracy [like the public school system] there’s a psychology of power. We wait for our leaders. That’s detrimental because we’re not producing thinkers for society, which is what society needs.”
For kids, “if you get a wrong answer on a test, it’s the worst thing in the world,” he continued. “But when you’re focused on innovation, it’s about learning from wrong answers and failing forward. I don’t want to produce the next generation of leaders, who are afraid to be wrong.”
His stance also runs counter to the messages being spread at charter schools like Success Academy, the high-scoring charter network that will host its annual “Slam the Exam” pep rally Friday, as students have hunkered down with practice tests for a few weeks and are required to come to school for test prep Saturday, parents said.
While only a handful of his students opted out last year, many more plan to do so this year, Bowman said, and his school’s PTA president will be among many parents from across the boroughs expected to stand on the steps of City Hall on Wednesday morning discussing their grassroots efforts to inform families about their rights to refuse to take the state tests.
Schools Chancellor Carmen Fariña recently told parents from the opt-out movement at an invite-only meeting in Park Slope that she would opt out as a parent if she had a student with special needs or an English Language Learner newly arrived to the country.
Still, Department of Education officials have been telling parents that concerns about the tests have been addressed, noting there will be fewer questions this year and the exams will be untimed.
Many educators and parents believe it will make little difference to the tests that take six or more hours to complete.
“If it’s not good for them, why is it good for us?” asked Bowman, adding that he would not send his nearly 2-year-old daughter to public school.
“Right now, hell no is she going to public school,” he said. “Learning is a beautiful, organic, natural thing that happens with your entire mind, body and soul. It’s a quest and journey that’s innately human. I don’t want my daughter to experience anything that’s happening in the public schools. Even those that are innovative like mine, we are still under the mandate of a test centric bureaucracy.”