Mayor Michael Bloomberg said that failure to reform the costly pension system will result in serious layoffs.
The new law will force schools to disclose extensive information about suspensions and police activity.
The reforms come as the city plans to open a new school for grades nine to 14, and add new technology to schools.
The fire broke out in a trash can inside the cafeteria at the Manhattan Center for Science and Mathematics, the FDNY said.
More New York City public school teachers were denied tenure this year, many based on students low test scores.
The teacher who let kids she knew couldn't swim into the water, leading to a girl's drowning, was fired.
At least 2,000 teaching jobs and an unknown number of non-teaching positions will be slashed in 2011.
Seniors at Manhattan's elite public school posted names of classmates under the heading "I'd Tap That" on school property.
The mayor said that he will not provide the 2 percent raise, which had been promised to city teachers and principals.
New York City’s teachers, police and firefighters want to sue to reclaim pension fund losses.
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